Twentieth Century Communism provides an international forum for the latest research on the subject and an entry-point into key developments and debates not immediately accessible to English-language historians. Its main focus is on the period of the Russian revolution (1917-91) and on the activities of communist parties themselves. However, its remit will also extend to the movement's antecedents and rivals, the responses to communism of political competitors and state systems, and to the cultural as well as political influence of communism. Twentieth Century Communism is a peer-reviewed journal of 256 pages appearing annually in May, both online and in print. Twentieth Century Communism: a journal of international history (2009-), formerly the Communist History Network Newsletter (1996-2008).